半夏凉歌   还在忙吗,别忘了给自己一个微笑。   2022-12-02

linux下LAMP环境搭建

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linux卸载mysql,apache,php


1>【卸载系统自带的apache】

#查看apache是否己安装
rpm -qa httpd
#卸载
rpm -e httpd –nodeps
2>【安装gcc, gcc-c++】

yum install gcc
yum install gcc-c++
3>【开放80、3306、22端口】

#关闭防火墙
service iptables stop
vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
#添加
-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 22 -j ACCEPT
#重启防火墙
service iptables restart
4>【建立lamp/src目录, 将源码包上传】
5>【安装libxml2】

tar -zxvf libxml2-2.6.30.tar.gz
cd libxml2-2.6.30
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libxml2/
make
make install
6>【安装libmcrypt】

tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
./configure –enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
7>【安装zlib】

tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
cd zlib-1.2.3
./configure
make
make install
8>【安装libpng】

tar -zxvf libpng-1.2.31.tar.gz
cd libpng-1.2.31
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libpng/
make
make install
9>【安装jpegsrc.v6b】

mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6/bin
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6/lib
mkdir /usr/local/jpeg6/include
mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/man/man1

tar -zxvf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
cd jpeg-6b
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/jpeg6/ –enable-shared –enable-static
make
make install
10>【安装freetype】

tar -zxvf freetype-2.3.5.tar.gz
cd freetype-2.3.5
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/freetype/
make
make install
11>【安装autoconf】

tar -zxvf autoconf-2.61.tar.gz
cd autoconf-2.61
./configure
make
make install
12>【安装gd】

tar -zxvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz
cd gd-2.0.35
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/gd2/ –with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg6/ –with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype/
make
make install
13>【安装apache】
tar -zxvf httpd-2.2.9.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.2.9
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache2/ –sysconfdir=/etc/httpd/ –with-included-apr –disable-userdir –enable-so –enable-deflate=shared –enable-expires=shared –enable-rewrite=shared –enable-static-support
make
make install
#启动apache
/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start
#如果出现下面的错误,
#httpd: Could not reliably determine the server’s fully qualified domain name, using ::1 for ServerName
#修改配置文件
vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf
#查找ServerName,将注释去掉
ServerName www.example.com:80
#添加到自启动
echo “/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start” >> /etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit
#将apache添加到系统服务中
cp /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd
#在#!/bin/sh后添加下面两行(包含”#”)
# chkconfig:2345 85 15
# description:Apache
#添加执行权限
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/httpd
#添加到系统服务中
chkconfig –add httpd
#开启apache
service httpd start
14>【安装ncurses】
[html] view plaincopy
tar -zxvf ncurses-5.6.tar.gz
cd ncurses-5.6
./configure –with-shared –without-debug –without-ada –enable-overwrite
make
make install
15>【安装mysql】
[html] view plaincopy
groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql
tar -zxvf mysql-5.1.59.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.1.59
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/mysql/ –with-extra-charsets=all
make
make install

[html] view plaincopy
cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db –user=mysql
chown -R root /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var
chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql &
cp /lamp/src/mysql-5.1.59/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chown root.root /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig –add mysqld
chkconfig –list mysqld
chkconfig –levels 245 mysqld off
#配置mysql
cd /usr/local/mysql
bin/mysqladmin version //简单的测试
bin/mysqladmin Variables //查看所有mysql参数
bin/mysql -uroot //没有密码可以直接登录本机服务器
DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE Host=’localhost’ AND User=”;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
#设置root密码为123456
SET PASSWORD FOR ‘root’@’localhost’ = PASSWORD(‘123456′);
#配置可远程连接mysql
use mysql
SELECT user,password,host FROM user;
DELETE FROM user WHERE host=’localhsot.localdomain’
DELETE FROM user WHERE host=’127.0.0.1′;
UPDATE user SET host=’%’ WHERE user=’root';
#重启mysql
service mysqld restart
16>【安装php】

tar -zxvf php-5.2.6.tar.gz
cd php-5.2.6
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php/ –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc/ –with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs –with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ –with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2/ –with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg6/ –with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype/ –with-gd=/usr/local/gd2/ –with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt/ –with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config –enable-soap –enable-mbstring=all –enable-sockets
make
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
17>【apache配置】

#建立工作目录
mkdir -p /var/www/html
#修改httpd.conf
vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf
#功能: 设置工作目录
#说明: 搜索DocumentRoot, 修改为
DocumentRoot “/var/www/html”

#功能: 设置目录选项
#说明: 搜索<Directory “/usr/local/apache2//htdocs”>, 修改为
<Directory “/var/www/html”>

#功能: 设置默认文档
#说明: 搜索, 修改为
DirectoryIndex index.html index.php

#功能: 增加php类型
#说明: 搜索 AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz在后面添加
AddType application/x-httpd-php .html .php

功能: 不允许访问目录
说明: 搜索Options Indexes FollowSymLinks项并注释
#Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

#注意: 修改配置文件后, 重启apache才能生效
#重启apache
service httpd restart
18>【添加PDO_MYSQL扩展】

cd /lamp/src/php-5.2.6/ext/pdo_mysql
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config –with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make
make install
[html] view plaincopy
#执行完make install后会生成
#Installing shared extensions: /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/
#修改php.ini
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
#查找extension_dir,修改为
extension_dir = “/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”
#添加pdo_mysql
extension = pdo_mysql.so
#重启apache
service httpd restart
19>【apache虚拟主机配置】

#建立dev目录  
mkdir -p /var/www/html/dev  
cd /var/www/html/dev  
vi index.php  
#添加  
<?php  
    phpinfo();  
?>  
#保存,退出  
#打开httpd.conf  
vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf  
#查找Include /etc/httpd//extra/httpd-vhosts.conf并取消注释  
Include /etc/httpd//extra/httpd-vhosts.conf  
#打开httpd-vhosts.conf  
vi /etc/httpd//extra/httpd-vhosts.conf  
#将下面几行注释  
#<VirtualHost *:80>  
#    ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com  
#    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2//docs/dummy-host.example.com"  
#    ServerName dummy-host.example.com  
#    ServerAlias www.dummy-host.example.com  
#    ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log"  
#    CustomLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log" common  
#</VirtualHost>  
  
  
#<VirtualHost *:80>  
#    ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host2.example.com  
#    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2//docs/dummy-host2.example.com"  
#    ServerName dummy-host2.example.com  
#    ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host2.example.com-error_log"  
#    CustomLog "logs/dummy-host2.example.com-access_log" common  
#</VirtualHost>  
#添加  
<VirtualHost *:80>  
        ServerName dev.dev  
        DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/dev"  
        <Directory "/var/www/html/dev/">  
                AllowOverride All  
        </Directory>  
</VirtualHost>  
#保存, 退出  
#重启apache  
service httpd restart  
#修改hosts文件  
vi /etc/hosts  
#添加  
127.0.0.1       dev.dev localhost  
#保存, 退出  
#在浏览器输入http://dev.dev访问,查看能否输出php信息